Early years[ edit ] In , Frank C. Although a fire destroyed an early glass factory in Buffalo, the brothers rebuilt and expanded the business. To keep the new factory’s furnace operating at full capacity, the company introduced new products and made improvements to its glass and metal manufacturing processes. Jar lids were produced in their metal fabricating factory. The Ball Company’s logo was embossed onto the surface of the jars, which were made of either amber or aqua blue-green glass. After visiting the town, he told Edmund about the economic advantages of using natural gas instead of coal for manufacturing glass.
Answers to your canning questions. Canning publications appear to no longer be issued under the Kerr name. Newell issues them instead under the Ball and Bernardin names. Any Kerr publications, as good as they were in the day, would now be considered out of date and should be referred to for historical interest purposes only.
Researching Kerr Jars Are you a jar collector and want to find out about a particular Kerr jar you have?
Bottles and Extras Winter 31 War. It consisted of a yoke style iron clamp with a thumbscrew in the middle. The thumbscrew held a glass lid & rubber gasket in place on the jar.
Ball Bros was based in Muncie, Indiana. Glass jars with this embossed marking probably constitute the most popular jar for home canning ever produced in the United States. Hundreds of millions probably upwards of a billion or more! Hundreds of slight variations in shape, size, lettering font, glass color, base markings, etc. Typically, they were made in half pint, pint, quart, and half-gallon sizes. Ball Perfect Mason — Half Gallon and Quart sizes Most of the earlier versions were round cylindrical in shape, and some of the later types are square with rounded corners in design.
Each mold was hand-cut hand-engraved with the lettering incised backward into the inside surface of the mold, which of course resulted in the embossing raised lettering which is seen on the surface of the jar. It may take a while before exact duplicates are found — that is, finding two jars that were made from one individual, specific mold.
There are various shades and tints of these colors out there. Some jars have embossing that is unusually faint for instance, just one or two letters within a word and this can sometimes be due to accumulated debris partially filling the engraving of the lettering on the mold itself at the time of making, or perhaps some other reason. According to the stories, they threw them away, or intentionally broke them, fearing their enterprise could otherwise be met with bad luck.
Sometimes the story accuses ordinary housewives of having done the same thing if they were especially superstitious. Most myths and legends are based on a kernel of truth, and this may be no exception to the rule. Most home canners would pay little or no attention to the markings in the first place.
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Ball Perfect Mason jars – summary, info antique glass canning fruit jars information history. The very first versions with this embossing are believed to date from. There are many ways to date old Ball mason jars , and one of the easiest is to look.. Here is a way to date your Ball jars fairly closely by looking only at how the Ball.
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European storage jars often date into the s but the modern fruit jar, as found in this country, began to appear about with the introduction of cork and wax seal jars and their tin top cousins. The development of a suitable closure which would prevent spoilage, be reusable and be economic proved challenging but the effort resulted in a great variety of odd closures which attract the big dollars from Fruit Jar collectors today. The jar probably is among the most common of the older jars and most examples were made well after the patent date.
Colored examples of any jar early or late will bring a handsome price at auction. Colored means not clear or not aqua. The next most common color is amber.
Type keyword s to search The Collector’s Ultimate Guide to Canning Jars These vintage canning jars from the s to the s are the staple of retro country charm. Aug 25, Jean Allsopp These humble glass pieces were designed for putting up fruits and vegetables in the days before refrigeration. Here are some of the most valuable finds from the s to the s, when hundreds of companies were vying for a spot on America’s shelves: The unique topper makes it of note today.
The short production window gives it considerable cache. When it was produced in , there was a misconception that the dark shade prevented spoilage.
Ball glass canning jars can be filled with water and a floating candle for a warm romantic table centerpiece. Place a votive candle in the Ball jars and hang from trees or ceilings to give your event a romantic fairy light effect.
Mason hence the name Mason jars! Raised in Philadelphia, he moved to New York and filed his jar patent at the young age of 26! As a tinsmith, Mason first created the standard thread cap then the jar to go with it. The jars were an immediate success! They offered a more reliable method of preserving foods and were widely used across the country allowing homesteaders and urban populations to flourish. Like today, the jars were affordable and re-useable. For the next years, with only some minor tweaks, mason jars were an integral part of food preservation.
Because competitors produced most Mason jars after his patent expired in , Mason did not become wealthy and he died broke in New York City in Around the same time as Mason, other countries around the world had their versions, such as Kilner and Norway. In the ‘s there were hundreds of different brands throughout the world selling essentially what we have come to call Mason jars.
Collectible fruit jars preserve the past
Dating kerr jars Instructions Look for a ring of glass or a dark indention on the base of the jar. If the jar has this characteristic, known as a pontil scar, it shows that it may have been held with a pontil rod to protect the glassblower from the hot glass while the jar was being made. These scars indicate that the jar was probably made before Look for indications of mold seams on the glass jar.
The Kerr 1 Pt. Mason Jars (Count) each feature 1 pint of food storage. These glass mason jars are transparent to help identify contents and are dishwasher compatible for convenient cleaning. The pack mason jars also include lids and feature a wide-mouth design to help fit food inside jars more 4/5(1).
Colorless is preferred over the term “clear” or “white” glass since the former term refers more accurately to the transparency of the glass not its color, i. Colorless glass was a goal of glass manufacturers for centuries and was difficult to produce because it required the use of virtually impurity-free materials. Venetian glass makers produced their crystallo as early as the 15th century and glass makers in 18th century England made what was known as “flint” glass from virtually pure quartz rock calcined flint which was simply called “flint” Hunter Improved chemistry and glass making methods of the late 19th and early 20th century allowed for process efficiencies that made colorless glass easier and much cheaper to produce with the use of various additives in the glass mixture.
The term flint glass was and still is used somewhat erroneously by glassmakers to describe colorless glass that is made with low iron sand. It is, however, not true flint glass. Colorless glass was also called “crown” by early glassmakers Hunter Colorless glass is not always, or even usually, absolutely colorless.
It will usually have very faint tints of pink or “amethystine” faintly visible in the base of the bottle to the left , amber or “straw”, grayish green, grayish blue, or grey. These faint colors are viewed easiest when looking through the thickest portion of the bottle, i. Colorless glass is usually attained by using the purest sand source possible and by adding “decolorizing agents” to the glass batch to offset the residual iron impurities Dillon Common decolorizing agents were manganese dioxide, selenium dioxide usually in conjunction with cobalt oxide , antimony and arsenious arsenic oxide which is also used as a stabilizer of selenium in decolorizing glass – or some combination of these compounds Trowbridge ; New York Herald ; Scholes ; Tooley ; Lockhart a.
Colorless glass actually does have more utility in dating and typing than most other colors, though still of limited application.
Who Made That Mason Jar?
During this time they manufactured a limited range of Jars and Insulators when compared to some of the other manufacturers. The Insulator is a CD and was produced at some time during the company’s existence at the Sidney plant. The insulators made by this manufacturer are found in a variety of colors ranging from green, straw, gray, amber and purple. The Jar displayed was produced during the period of the ‘s and ‘s, probably at the Penrose New Zealand plant in both amber and clear.
This is the only style jar produced by this manufacture which is amber.
The Kerr glass plants were bought by Ball Corporation in , (Ball later left the glass container business altogether, and sold the plants to Saint-Gobain Containers).
That was the date when John Mason received his patent for the threaded screw-type. Has pat date on bottom. Ball mason jars are a type of home canning jar made by the Ball Corporation. The company started making mason jars back in. Here is a site that is great for dating your Ball jars just copy and past it into the. Ball Perfect Mason jars – summary, info antique glass canning fruit jars information history. The very first versions with this embossing are believed to date from. I also have a number of Presto jars and the old glass insert-type two-piece lids.
Another concurrent method of sealing also included wax poured over a glass jar by the home canner.